Panax notoginseng

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Panax notoginseng is a species of the genus Panax, and it is most commonly referred to in English as notoginseng. Like P. ginseng, P. quinquefolius and P. vietnamensis, notoginseng contains dammarane-type ginsenosides as the major constituents. Dammarane type ginsenosides includes 2 classifications: the 20(S)-protopanaxadiol (ppd) and 20(S)-protopanaxatriol (ppt) classifications. P. notoginseng contains high levels of Rb1, Rd (ppd classification) and Rg1 (ppt classification)ginsenosides. 


Year2011

InstitutionThe Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Resources Utilization of Chinese Herbal Medicine, Ministry of Education, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College

Material: Guangzhou, China


Year2015

InstitutionSchool of Biomedical Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Material: Yunnan, China


Data link:  http://202.203.187.112/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=100&id=115


Panax japonicus

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Panax japonicus C.A.Mey, a perennial herb in the Araliaceae family, has been used as Chinese traditional medicinal herb for thousand years. The earliest history of P. japonicus was recorded in the traditional Chinese medicine book, “Ben Cao Gang Mu Shi Yi” of Bai Cao Jing in the Qing Dynasty (published in 1765 A.D) . In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), rhizomes of P. japonicus was mainly used as a tonic, anti-inflammatory and haemostatic agent in China. Most of their therapeutic effects had been reported due to the presence of triterpenoid saponins, a group of dammarane-and oleanane-type saponins. Compared to Panax ginseng and Panax notoginseng, the level of total triterpenoid saponins of P. japonicus was usually higher and in which oleanane saponins are the main active constituents


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Year2015

InstitutionSchool of Biology & Pharmacy Engineering, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan

Material: Huebei, China


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Year2016

Institution Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan

Material: Janpan


Data link: http://www.herbal-genome.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=100&id=116

  


Panax ginseng

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Panax ginseng, the Chinese ginseng.  Ginsenosides, unique compounds of the Panax species, are being studied for their potential as medicine or a dietary supplement. Side effects can include nausea, diarrhea, headaches, nose bleeds, high blood pressure, low blood pressure, and breast pains. 


Year2013

InstitutionInstitute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College

Material: Liangning, China

Data link:  http://www.herbal-genome.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=100&id=117


Panax Vietnamensis var.fuscidiscus

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Panax vietnamensis or Vietnamese ginseng is a species of the ginseng genus Panax. In Vietnam the species, prized in herbal medicine, is commercially very valuable and now considered threatened. 

Year2015

InstitutionYunnan Research Center on Good Agricultural Practice for Dominant Chinese Medicinal Materials, Yunnan Agricultural University

Material: Yunnan, China

Data link:  http://202.203.187.112/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=100&id=118


Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal

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Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal belonging to family Solanceae is commonly known as Ashwagandha or Indian ginseng and is a valued medicinal plant with pharmaceutical and nutraceutical applications. It is widely used in traditional medical systems of India and Africa as an adaptogens or vitalizers.  The berries and leaves are applied externally to tumors, tubercular glands, carbuncles, and ulcers. The roots are used to prepare the herbal remedy ashwagandha, which has been traditionally used for various symptoms and conditions. 

Year2013

InstitutionDivision of Plant Biotechnology, Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, R.S. Puram, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Material: -


Year2015

InstitutionNational Botanical Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR-NBRI), Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow, India

Material: India


Data link:   http://202.203.187.112/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=100&id=119


Hippophae rhamnoides L.

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Hippophae rhamnoides L. fruits, called also seaberry, sanddorn, or Siberian pineapple.  In Europe H. rhamnoides bushes occur along the North Sea, Baltic Sea, and the Atlantic coast of Norway. The wild form grows also in Central Asia from China through Mongolia and Siberia, eastern Afghanistan (mountain areas), and eastern Uzbekistan. The plants have been used in the traditional Austrian medicine internally as tea, juice, or syrup for treatment of infections, colds, and flu.


Year2012

InstitutionDepartment of Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada

Material: Saskatchewan, Canada


       Year2013

InstitutionUniversity School of Biotechnology, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Dwarka, New Delhi, India

Material: Saskatchewan, Canada


Year2014

InstitutionUniversity School of Biotechnology, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Sector-16C, Dwarka, Delhi 110078, India

             Material: Saskatchewan, Canada


Data link:  http://www.herbal-genome.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=100&id=114


Catharanthus roseus

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Catharanthus roseus, commonly known as the Madagascar periwinkle or rosy periwinkle, is a species of Catharanthus native and endemic to Madagascar. The medicinal plant Catharanthus roseus is of enormous pharmaceutical interest because it contains about 130 terpenoid indole alkaloids, some of which exhibit strong pharmacological activities.

Year2013

InstitutionDepartment of Plant Systems Biology, VIB, B-9052 Gent, Belgium

Department of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Ghent University, B-9052 Gent, Belgium

Data link: http://www.herbal-genome.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=100&id=112


Gentiana rigescens

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Gentiana rigescens, also named Caine gentian, belongs to Gentiana, a member of the Gentianaceae family. It is a geoherb of great importance to China’s Yunnan province. G. rigescens is a perennial, growing amongst hillside grasses, bushes, and trees, at relatively high altitudes. Recent research has shown that it possesses potential functions in liver protection and immune promotion. The main effective component of G. rigescens is gentiopicroside, which is mainly found in the vacuoles of root cells, although it is synthesized in shoots. The content of gentiopicroside in roots was far higher than that in shoots at the flower stage. In addition, there are other active components including swertiamarin, sweroside, erythricine, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, loganic acid, gentianidine, and gentiana aldin.

Year2015

InstitutionCollege of Resources and Environment, Yuxi Normal University, Yuxi 653100, China

Material: Yunnan, China

Data link: http://www.herbal-genome.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=100&id=113


Veratrilla baillonii

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Veratrilla baillonii Franch (Gentianaceae) is an important Chinese medicinal herb that is distributed only in the eastern Himalayas and Hengduan Mountains of southwest China. V. baillonii has been widely used to cure liver-related diseases with a common name of “Jin Bu Huan”. 


Year2015

InstitutionSchool of Life Sciences, Engineering Research Center of Sustainable Development and Utilization of Biomass Energy Ministry of Education,Key Laboratory of Ecological Adaptive Evolution and Conservation on Animals-Plants in Southwest Mountain Ecosystem of University in Yunnan Province, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming

Material: Yunnan,China

Data link: http://www.herbal-genome.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=100&id=111


Gentiana straminea

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Gentiana straminea Maxium is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant belonging to the Gentianacea genus. It originated in Central Asia and Europe and is distributed between the elevations of 2600 m and 5000 m on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. In this region, it commonly called “Mahua Jiao,” is well-known as a traditional Tibetan herb, as it has been for more than 2000 years. Its bulky root is used in the treatment or cure of many diseases and conditions, including fungal and bacterial infections, hepatitis, constipation, rheumatism, pain, and hypertension.

Year2015

InstitutionKey Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota (AEPB), Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810008, Qingha

Material: Qinghai, China

              Data link: http://www.herbal-genome.cn/index.php?m=content&c=index&a=show&catid=100&id=110